Seed Planting Guide

 
Seed Botanical Name Depth (in) Space (in) Sow Type When to sow Sun Type Days to Harvest Note
All Sweet Watermelon Citrullus lanatus 0.25 36 Outdoors Late spring Full 90
American Elderberry Sambucus canadensis 0.5-1 3-5 Outdoors Early spring or fall Full Perennial
American Flag Leek Allium porrum 0.5 6 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full 100
Transplant outside a week after last frost.
Anaheim Chile Hot Pepper Capsicum annuum 0.25 12 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full 75
Transplant outside when temperatures don't drop below 50 at night.
Arugula Eruca sativa 0.25 6 Outdoors Spring Full sun or partial shade 35
Beefsteak Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 36 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full 90 Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outside when soil reaches 70 degrees.
Bibb Butterhead Lettuce Lactuca sativa 0.125 3 Outdoors Spring or Fall Full sun or partial shade 50
Black Beauty Summer Squash Cucurbita pepo 0.5-1 12 Outdoors Late spring Full 60
Black Brandywine Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 36 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full 90 Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outside when soil reaches 70 degrees.
Black Eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta 0 2 Outdoors Fall Full Perennial Native to all states except Arizona,  Nevada, & Texas. Seeds need light to germinate. Push them into top of soil. 
Bloomsdale Spinach Spinacia oleracea 0.5 2 Outdoors Early spring or fall Full 45
Blue Lake 274 Green Bush Bean Phaseolus vulgaris 1 3 Outdoors Warm season Full 60
Blue Vervain Flower Verbena hastata 0.25 2 Outdoors Spring or Fall Full sun or partial shade Perennial Native to all states except Hawaii and Alaska. 
Blueberry Highbush Wild Vaccinium corymbosum 0.5 2 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full Perennial
Can take 6-8 weeks to germinate.
Boltardy Beet Beta vulgaris 0.5 2 Outdoors Early spring Full 50
Soften seeds by soaking them in water.
Boston Pickling Cucumber Cucumis sativus 0.5 12 Outdoors Spring or early fall Full 55
Brunswick Cabbage Brassica oleracea 0.25 3 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full sun or partial shade 85
Transplant outside several weeks before last frost.
California Wonder 300 Sweet Pepper Capsicum annuum 0.25 12 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full 75 Transplant outside when temperatures don't drop below 50 at night.
Cayenne Pepper Capsicum annuum 0.25 12 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 75 Need 12+ hours of direct sun and warm temperatures to germinate. 
Champion Radish Raphanus sativus 0.5 1 Outdoors Spring or Fall Full sun or partial shade 25 Will cross pollinate plant separately (potted).
Charleston Gray Watermelon Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus 0.5 36 Outdoors Late spring Full 80
Chives Allium schoenoprasum 0.25 8 Outdoors Spring Full sun or partial shade Perennial
Cocozelle Summer Squash Cucurbirta pepo 1 8 Outdoors Late spring Full 45
Common Evening Primrose Oenothera lamarckiana 0.25 1 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full Perennial
Transplant late spring. Plant can spread quickly in wet conditions. Best to plant in managed beds or cut back after blooming. 
Common German Chamomile Matricaria recutita 0.25 12 Outdoors Spring Full 100 Takes 1-2 weeks to germinate. Can spread quickly. Best to grow in beds or containers. 
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca 0 0.5 Outdoors Fall Full Perennial Native to Midwest, Mountain, Northeast, Northern, Southeast (excluding Florida), and Texas. 
Cosmic Purple Carrot Daucus carota subsp. sativus 0.25 3 Outdoors Spring Full 60
Country Gentleman Corn Zea mays 1 3 Outdoors Late spring Full 90
Crimson Sweet Watermelon Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus 0.5 36 Outdoors Late spring Full 85
Cumin Cuminum cyminum 0.25 6 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 110
Transplant or direct sow a week after last frost.
Cushaw Green Striped Pumpkin Cucurbita mixta 1 10 Outdoors Spring Full 100
Danvers Carrot Daucus carota subsp. sativus 0.25 2 Outdoors Early spring or Fall Full sun or partial shade 70
Dark Green Zucchini Summer Squash Cucurbirta pepo 1 32 Outdoors Spring Full 65
Dixie Queen Watermelon Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus 0.5 36 Outdoors Late spring Full 75
Early Wonder Beet Beta vulgaris 0.5 24 Oudoors Early spring Full 55
Emerald Okra Abelmoschus esculentus 0.5 24 Indoors (transplant) Late spring Full 55
Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outdoors 3-4 weeks after last frost.
Eureka Ensilage Corn Zea mays 1-2 10-12 Outdoors Spring Full 110
Florence Fennel Foeniculum vulgare 0.25 12 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full 80
Transplant outdoors once soil reaches 65 degrees.
Florida Giant Watermelon Citrullus lanatus 0.25 36 Indoors (transplant) Late spring Full 90
Transplant outdoors once soil reaches 75 degrees.
Fresno Chili Pepper Capsicum annuum 0.25 12 Indoors Spring Full 100 Transplant outside when temperatures don't drop below 50 at night.
Garlic Chives Allium tuberosum 0.25 18 Outdoors Spring Full Perennial Don't harvest the first year.
Golden Bantam Corn Zea mays 1 6 Outdoors Spring Full 75
Golden Helios Radish Raphanus sativus 0.5 1 Outdoors Spring or Fall Full 35
Golden Jubilee Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 36 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 75 Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outside when soil reaches 70 degrees.
Gray Zucchini Summer Squash Cucurbita pepo 0.5 8 Outdoors Late spring Full 60
Green Arrow Garden Pea Pisum sativum 1 12 Outdoors Early spring Full sun or partial shade 65
Green Flesh Honeydew Melon Cucumis melo 0.5 24 Outdoors Late spring Full 90
Green Ice Leaf Lettuce Lactuca sativa 0.125 6 Outdoors Spring or Fall Full sun or partial shade 45
Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli Brassica oleracea 0.5 3 Outdoors Spring or Fall Full 70
Green Vegetable Marrow Summer Squash Cucurbita pepo 0.5 18 Outdoors Spring Full 85
Hard White Wheat Triticum aestivum 1 3 Outdoors Spring Full 120 Take 4-8 days to germinate.
Hearts of Gold Melon Cucumis melo 0.5 24 Outdoors Late spring Full 90
Imperator Carrot Daucus carota 0.25 8 Outdoors Spring Full 65
Italian Giant Parsley Petroselinum crispum 0 16 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full sun or partial shade 70
Soak seeds overnight before sowing. Sprinkle seeds on soil. Do not bury. Transplant outdoors once soil reaches 60 degrees.
Italian Large Leaf Basil Ocimum basilicum 0.25 16 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 70
Transplant outdoors when plants have two sets of leaves after last frost.
Italian Oregano Origanum vulgare 0 12 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 90
Sprinkle seeds on soil. Do not bury. Transplant outdoors after last frost.
Jalapeno Pepper Capsicum annuum 0.25 12 Outdoors Spring Full 65
Jubilee Watermelon Citrullus lanatus 0.25 36 Outdoors Late spring Full 90
Lacinato Kale Brassica oleracea 0.5 12 Outdoors Early spring Partial shade 50
Large Cherry Red Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 24 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 70 Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outside when soil reaches 70 degrees.
Leisure Coriander Cilantro Coriandrum sativum 0.5 18 Outdoors Early spring or fall Partial shade 50
Long Purple Eggplant Solanum Melongena 0.25 18 Outdoors Late spring Full 70
Long Island Improved Brussel Sprouts Brassica oleracea 0.25 24 Indoors (transplant) Late spring to summer Full 100
Transplant outdoors 6-10 weeks before first frost.
Mammoth Long Island Dill Anethum graveolens 0.25 12 Outdoors Spring Full 60
Marketer Cucumber Cucumis sativus 0.5 12 Outdoors Late Spring Full 60
Marketmore 76 Cucumber Cucumis sativus 0.5 12 Outdoors Late Spring Full 65
Mary Washington Asparagus Asparagus officinalis 0.5 18 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full Perennial.
Soak seeds overnight before sowing. Transplant outdoors after last frost.
Moneymaker Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 24 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 75
Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outside when soil reaches 70 degrees.
New Yorker Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 24 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 70 Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outside when soil reaches 70 degrees.
Orange California Poppy Eschscholzia californica 0.25 0.5 Outdoors Early spring or  Full Annual Native to all parts of the US except great plains, Florida, Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Indiana, Virginia, West Virginia, Maine and Vermont. 
Pencil Cob Dent Corn Zea mays 1-2 6 Outdoors Spring Full 80
Philadelphia White Box Radish Raphanus sativus 0.5 1 Outdoors Spring or Fall Full 30
Pink Beauty Radish Raphanus sativus 0.5 1 Outdoors Spring or Fall Full 25
Porter Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 24 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 70 Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outside when soil reaches 70 degrees.
Prolific Straightneck Summer Squash Cucurbita pepo 0.5-1 24 Outdoors Late Spring Full 45
Provider Green Bush Bean Phaseolus vulgaris 1 24 Outdoors Spring Full 50
Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea 0.5 12 Outdoors Fall Full Perennial Native from the midwest all the way through the Eastern US with the exclusion of New England.  
Purple Sprouting Broccoli Brassica oleracea 0.25 3 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 65
Transplant outisde after last frost.
Red Grano Onion Allium cepa 0.25 12 Indoors (transplant) Early spring Full 110 Translant outdoors once soil reaches 50 degrees.
Red Russian Kale Brassica oleracea 0.5 16 Outdoors Early spring or fall Partial shade 50
Red Salad Bowl Leaf Lettuce Lactuca sativa 0.125 2 Outdoors Early spring or fall Full sun or partial shade 50
Robust Barley Hordeum vulgare 1-1.5 24 Outdoors Spring, Summer, or Fall Full 80
Roma Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 24 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 75
Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate.
Round Zucchini Summer Squash Cucurbita pepo 1 48 Outdoors Late Spring Full 45
Ruby Queen Beet Beta vulgaris 0.5 24 Outdoors Early spring Full 50
Santa Fe Grande Hot Pepper Capsicum annuum 0.25 12 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 75 Transplant outside when temperatures don't drop below 50 at night.
Serrano Hot Pepper Capsicum annuum 0.25 12 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 80 Transplant outside when temperatures don't drop below 50 at night.
Shrubby St. Johns Wort Hypericum prolificum 0.25 3-4 Outdoors Spring Full sun or partial shade Perennial Native from the midwest including Texas all through the Eastern US. 
Small Red Cherry Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 24 Outdoors Spring Full 55 Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outside when soil reaches 70 degrees.
Small Sugar Pumpkin Cucurbita pepo 1 12 Outdoors Spring Full 90
Spacemaster Cucumber Cucumis sativus 0.5 6 Outdoors Late spring Full 60
Spaghetti Squash Cucurbita pepo 1 36 Outdoors Spring Full 90
Striped Klondike Watermelon Citrullus lanatus 0.5-1 36 Outdoors Late spring Full 75
Stupice Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum 0.25 24 Indoors (transplant) Late spring Full 65
Direct sow outdoors if living in hot climate. Transplant outside when soil reaches 70 degrees.
Sugar Baby Watermelon Citrullus lanatus 1 36 Outdoors Late spring Full 75
Sweet Basil Ocimum basilicum 0.25 16 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 55 Transplant outside several weeks after last frost.
Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus 0.25 24 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full sun or partial shade 65
Transplant outside 1-2 weeks after last frost.
Tendercrisp Celery Apium graveolens 0.125 8 Indoors (transplant) Late spring Full sun or partial shade 110
Soak seeds overnight before sowing. Transplant outdoors 10-12 weeks before first frost.
Tenderette Green Bush Bean Phaseolus vulgaris 1 24 Outdoors Spring Full 55
Tendersweet Carrot Daucus carota 0.25 8 Outdoors Early spring Full 70
Tendersweet Orange Watermelon Citrullus lanatus 0.5 36 Outdoors Late spring Full 85
Texas Early Grano Onion Allium cepa 0.25 6 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 110 Transplant outside once soil reaches 50 degrees.
Thyme Thymus vulgaris 0 12 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full Perennial Sprinkle seeds but do not cover with soil. Germination can take 28 days. Transplant outdoors weeks after last frost.
Tom Thumb Leaf Lettuce Lactuca sativa 0.125 8 Outdoors Early spring or fall Full sun or partial shade 45
Top Mark Melon Cucumis melo 0.5 24 Outdoors Late spring Full 90
Vera Lavender Lavandula angustifolia 0.125 12 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 100
Transplant outside after last frost and first leaves appear.
Viroflay Spinach Spinacia oleracea 0.5 16 Outdoors Spring Full sun or partial shade 50
Walla Walla Onion Allium cepa 0.25 6 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 115
Transplant outside once soil reaches 50 degrees.
Waltham Butternut Winter Squash Cucurbita moschata 0.5 36 Outdoors Spring Full 100 Sow once soil reaches 60 degrees.
White Sweet Spanish Onion Allium cepa 0.25 6 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full 110
Transplant outside once soil reaches 50 degrees.
Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa 0 0.5 Outdoors Spring Full Perennial Lightly press seeds into the top of the soil. Native to all of the US except Alaska, California, Florida, and Hawaii. 
Wild Strawberry Seeds Fragaria virginiana 0.25 6 Indoors (transplant) Spring Full sun or partial shade Perennial
Can take 3 weeks for seeds to germinate. Transplant at least 1 week after frost.
Yellow Bush Scallop Summer Squash Cucurbita pepo 1 36 Outdoors Late spring Full 50